Abraham Accord and the Future of US Diplomacy

Source: The Jakarta Post

Israel-UAE Deal

The deal between Israel and UAE was agreed on August 13, 2020. UAE became the third Arab country ever to establish a diplomatic relations with Israel. Previously, Egypt was the first Arab nation to ever recognize Israel in 1979. Jordan followed suit in 1994 as the second Arab nation ever to recognize Israel.

Source: KOMPAS.id
Green shows support, red shows opposition, yellow shows neutrality/ambiguity in reaction of Israel-UAE deal.

Israel-Bahrain Deal

The deal between Israel and Bahrain, however, came as a shock to many. The agreement was announced on September 11, 2020 — less than a week to the actual signing ceremony. Many argue that Saudi Arabia plays a role in the process by not preventing Bahrain from pursuing a diplomatic relations with Israel. This is because many perceive that Saudi Arabia has a very close relationship with Bahrain — and that Bahrain is “one of Saudi’s provinces”.

Kosovo-Serbia Deal

Besides the aforementioned Israel-UAE deal and the Israel-Bahrain deal, the US has also brokered another deal. This one is between Kosovo and Serbia. The deal is for Kosovo to open their diplomatic mission in Jerusalem, and in exchange, Israel will recognize Kosovo as a country. Kosovo is a Muslim-majority territory in Europe. Serbia will also move its diplomatic mission from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem. Kosovo and Serbia will then normalize economic relations.

Nobel Prize for Trump?

Due to these achievements, many have nominated Trump for the Nobel Peace Prize 2021. A Norwegian lawmaker nominated Trump for US’ effort in brokering Israel-UAE deal. Meanwhile, a Swedish politician nominated Trump for the Kosovo-Serbia deal.

Is Trump’s Approach to Diplomacy Working?

By now, we know that Trump has a distinct approach to diplomacy. Trump wants to impose full force to get what he wants — even if that means quitting from existing framework (like the Paris Agreement, Iran Nuclear Deal, NAFTA, etc.). Trump has been pressing China, North Korea, and Iran to comply with his wishes.

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Angelo Wijaya

Angelo Wijaya

International Relations enthusiast